A whitepaper Jointly produced by the Northwestern University in Illinois and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem shows that Ireland has the second highest number of ISIS fighters in the world relative to the size of its muslim population .
The paper published in May of last year states that the total number of ISIS foreign fighters from India, Indonesia and Pakistan (with a combined population of over 560 million Muslims) is just 793 , lower than the total number of ISIS foreign fighters from Austria, Finland, Denmark, Ireland, Norway and Sweden who jointly have less than 1.4 million Muslim residents but are the countries of origin for over 900 ISIS foreign fighters.
Finland has the largest number of ISIS foreign fighters relative to its muslim population , followed by Ireland, Belgium, Sweden, and Austria.The research found that the number of ISIS fighters is positively correlated with a country’s GDP per capita and Human Development Index (HDI). The wealthier a country is, the more ISIS fighters it will have . Finland’s GDP per capita in 2010 was equal to $46,205, and it has a Gini coefficient of 27.1, which makes it not only one of the wealthiest countries in the world but also the 11th most egalitarian. Likewise Norway, which ranks fourth worldwide in terms of equality and in the top fifth percentile in GDP per capita, is in the top ten countries with the most ISIS fighters relative to its Muslim population. Belgium and Sweden, which rank third and fourth in the number of ISIS fighters are respectively the 12th and 15th most egalitarian countries in the world .
Another contributing factor says the research is a country’s population size and the size of its Muslim population . According to the estimated coefficients, a 10% increase in the size of the Muslim population (relative to its mean) increases the probability that the country has a positive number of ISIS foreign fighters by 1.2 percentage points .https://scholars.huji.ac.il/sites/default/files/eklor/files/w22190.pdf Read Next
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